Freshwater Trout – A Breakdown of the Species


People have been fishing for sport and freshwater trout for around fifty generations now.


What started as a means of survival has become a favorite pastime in North America and beyond, creating a hunger for fishing tips and aspects of fishing to be revealed in many different contexts.


Let's dive right in.


The Species of Freshwater Trout


Learning about fishing and learning about different types of fish such as freshwater trout can be very exciting and interesting to many people.


Freshwater Trout are Top of the Food Chain


Freshwater trout is the most common freshwater fish. They are equal to any other of the sport fish and they stand at the top of the food chain in most rivers and streams where they live.


Years ago, a successful angler was judged by how many of these popular fish he could catch at one time, but now the wise angler practices catch-and-release tactics so the numbers of freshwater trout will always be plentiful.


Caring for the Sport


Part of what makes an angler a responsible one is caring for the sport of fishing and fish populations for generations to come.


Brown Trout


The most popular type of freshwater trout that anglers enjoy trying to lure in is known as the "brown trout". The brown trout provides plenty of excitement for anglers and tests their fishing skills.


Because it often feeds on the surface, the brown trout is considered a fish designed for the angler.


It is a cold-water fish that lives in lakes and streams and jumps around the most when the water temperature is just right. The brown trout got its reputation from rich English gentleman who enjoyed the trout's fight.


The world record brown trout weighed over forty one pounds and was taken in Michigan in 2009.


Rainbow Trout


One of the most glamorized fish of the freshwater trout family actually is not a trout at all. Surprisingly, scientists have recently discovered the rainbow trout is actually a smaller cousin of the Pacific Salmon.


Rainbow trout are considered a peaceful fish despite their family heritage.


They coexist with any other fish in the stream. While the brown trout prefers slower water and calmer pools, the rainbow trout likes the more oxygen-rich fast running water. That enthusiasm makes the rainbow a favorite of the angler.


Brook Trout


There is yet another freshwater trout that is not actually a trout. The Brook trout or "brookie" lives in the cooler streams of the north-eastern US and is related to the char. This makes it a relative of the lake trout rather than a member of the freshwater trout family.


Because the fish is only found in wilderness areas, the Brook trout is a special favorite with anglers. Wherever they're found, fisherman can be sure the water is pure and the ecology unspoiled.


The "brookie" is often criticized for being pretty but not necessarily smart. Although anglers praise them for their beauty, it's well known that there are harder fish to catch.


The world record for the biggest Brook trout took place in Canada in 1915. A fourteen-pound "brookie" was caught in the Nipigon River in Ontario, Canada.


Red Trout and Lake Trout


Other freshwater trout species include the red trout, a species that enjoys hiding in bracken and branches, and the deeper-water lake trout. Current population control laws protect the lake trout, requiring anglers to release catches that measure certain sizes.


The size of the lake trout indicates its potential to spawn and release fertilized eggs.


Population Protection for Freshwater Trout


With continued programs of trout population protection and responsible fishing, the freshwater trout will certainly continue to survive for generations to come.


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