Freshwater Fishing - The Important Basics


Have you had the opportunity to go freshwater fishing? While some find it to be a distant relation to other types of fishing, it is still one of the best ways to spend your time. There are hundreds of lakes out there that you can be enjoying virtually any time that you would like to. To learn more about it, take a look at your options below.


Let's dive right in.


The Basics of Freshwater Fishing

Freshwater fishing is done in lakes, rivers and streams that have minute quantities of dissolved salts. Freshwater sources are precipitation or melting ice and snow.


There are many fresh water fish species, but some of the most important ones are bass, catfish, pickerel, pike, sunfish, trout, salmon, muskellunge, sturgeon and walleye.

Equipment for Freshwater Fishing

What you’ll need for basic freshwater fishing equipment includes a fishing rod and reel, fishing line between 4 and 10 pound-test, a variety of sinkers, a variety of hooks (sizes 6 to 10), floats, bait and in most locations, a fishing permit or license.


There are a variety of both live and artificial baits that work well for freshwater fishing.


Bait You’ll Need

Live bait works well for freshwater fishing. Freshwater fish feed on a variety of prey, including earthworms, insects, insect larvae, frogs, minnows, chub, shad, crayfish and small fish species such as smelt.


Freshwater fishing bait such as earthworms, crayfish, frogs, minnows, chubs and shads can be caught in their natural habitat. Look around piers and in shallow water. Freshwater bait can also be purchased from your local bait and tackle shop.

Artificial bait is man made bait that attracts fish to bite or strike. It includes plastic worms, insects, flies, small jigs, lures, spoons, streamers, flies, spinners and more.


Artificial bait can be purchased at fishing tackle and bait shops or online. Some anglers prefer to buy the supplies for these types of baits and make their own.


A Variety of Prepared Baits

There are a wide variety of prepared baits that you can use for freshwater fishing. These include kernel corn, bread balls, cheese balls, egg bags, liver, cereal balls, chicken entrails. Here is just a short list of some freshwater fish and the bait that attracts them when you go freshwater fishing.


Earthworms, liver, chicken entrails, hotdogs, frogs, tadpoles, crayfish and most lures. At times you can even catch them on shiny hooks that have no bait.


Earthworms, frogs, minnows, shad, all types of small fish species, crayfish, chub, spinners, spoons and egg sacs.


Earthworms, insects, insect larvae, frogs, minnows, crayfish, spoons, Mepps, spinners, artificial worms, jigs, streamers and spinners.


Flies, spinners, spoons, egg sacs, shrimp and large plugs.


Earthworms, bread balls, kernel corn, insects and insect larvae, as well as small, shiny lures.


Earthworms, insects, insect larvae, frogs, minnows, crayfish, spoons and Mepps, spinners, artificial worms, jigs, spinners and streamers.


Shad, frogs, real or artificial minnows, worms, maggots, spinners, spoons, jigs, plugs and small fish species.


Earthworms, flies, insects, insect larvae, kernel corn, egg sacs, crayfish and minnows.


Small fish species, frogs, Mepps, spinners, jigs, minnows, plastic trailers and rapalas.


Frogs, freshwater clams, lamprey, eels, smelt, salmon eggs, shad, shrimp, egg sacs, yarn flies, brilliantly colored and silver lures.


Give Freshwater Fishing a Try

Go ahead and give freshwater fishing a try. If you would like to learn more about this type of fishing you can search online for advice. Or better yet, you could seek out and talk to someone who is a professional that can show you just what you need to do, where to go and what to use to be successful at freshwater fishing.


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