Fishing Lure Terminology – Breaking It Down


Fishing lure terminology is a little complex. There are many ways to lure in fish to your boat. Words like rigging, chumming, and luring come to mind. However, there are many varieties when it comes to lures and trying to decipher between all of them can be a confusing process.


Let's dive right in to fishing lure terminology.


Learning Fishing Lure Terminology


Knowing when to “chum” as oppose to “lure” can be equally challenging when you are ready to catch the most fish that you can. By learning fishing lure terminology it will certainly help with this challenge and your decision making.


Lure or Chum


When deciding whether you should lure or chum, you should be aware of what type of fish you are trying to catch. Chum is a mess to make, distribute and to store. So be sure that you are using it for the right reasons.


Lures are used the majority of the time, but if you are dealing with fish who heavily use their sense of smell, lures may be a waste of time. As a general rule of thumb, chum is used in order to bring fish to the boat and lures are generally used for spot fishing.


Different Kinds


When you decide to use a lure, what type do you choose? There are many different kinds of lures and they are used in different regions for a variety of purposes.


If you learn the basics of fishing lure terminology then you will not have to look like a novice by reading the back of the package while perusing the aisles in the stores.


Fishing Lure Terminology and Definition


In fishing lure terminology a lure is defined as an object, often designed to resemble a fish’s prey. And they usually come equipped with one or more hooks that are used to catch fish. You will attach a lure to the end of your fishing line and throw it out into the water until a fish takes a bite.


The one exception to the rule is the fly lure, which is used to float on the water’s surface mimicking the movement of an insect. You can also troll lure behind a boat to create the appearance of a living animal in the water.


Classification and Fishing Lure Terminology


Some of the different types of lures are classified as jigs, wobblers, spinner, spoon lures, plugs, fly lures, and worms.




Jigs are made of weighted metal heads and a tail that is made from animal hair, soft plastic, feathers, or rubber. A minnow can sometimes to be added or a piece of meat can be attached to the end of the hook.


Jigs can be used for almost any kind of saltwater or freshwater fishing.


Spoon Lures


A spoon is a metal lure that looks similar to a bait fish. These lures are meant to be cast or to be trolled behind a moving vessel. The plastic belts are the most commonly thought of baits.




They are the plastic worms that are sometimes scented in order to attract more fish. The plastic belts can be used with or without a weight, but a jig head, spinner, or a spinner bait always accompanies them.




Plugs are made from plastic or wood and can be used on top of the water. There is a separate category of plugs called diving plugs that are designed to plunge into a certain depth of water.




The spinners have blades that spin around a wire shaft, and they are made of plastic or animal hair. The spinner baits are the lures with more than one blade that spin around a safety shaft.


They are characterized by ‘skirts’, which are made of animal hair, vinyl, rubber, and other materials.


Poppers and Flies


Lastly, in fishing lure terminology, are the poppers and flies. These baits are primarily used for panfish, trout, and bass. Fly-tying is a harder concept to learn, making these lures unique.


Lures are tested and decided upon by the individual. Many lures are determined to be useful by trying them out time and time again.




When you become comfortable with fishing lure terminology and certain types of lures, you will be able to expand on their possibilities, making it more individualized for your fishing purposes.


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